pono


pono
pōno, pŏsŭi (Plaut. posīvi), pŏsĭtum, 3 (old form of perf. POSEIVEI, Inscr. Orell. 3308:

posivi,

Plaut. Ps. 5, 1, 35: posivimus, id. Fragm. ap. Prisc. p. 898 P.:

posiverunt, Cato, R. R. praef. 1: posiveris,

id. ib. 4, 1; Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 108: POSIER unt, Inscr. Orell. 5061:

POSIT, contr. from posivit,

ib. 71; 732; 1475; 3087 al.; part. perf. sync. postus, a, um, Lucr. 1, 1059; 3, 87; 6, 965), v. a. [for posno, posino, from old prep. port, = proti, pros, and sino; cf.: porricio, pollingo, etc., and v. pro, sino], to put or set down a person or thing, to put, place, set, lay, etc. (syn.: colloco, statuo); constr. with acc. alone, or with in and abl., or with adv. of place; sometimes with in and acc., or absol.; v. infra.
I.
Lit.
A.
In gen.:

tabulas in aerario ponere,

Caes. B. C. 3, 108:

castra,

to pitch, id. ib. 1, 65 fin.:

castra iniquo loco,

id. ib. 1, 81:

milia passuum tria ab eorum castris castra ponit,

id. B. G. 1, 22 fin.: qui indicabantur, in senatu sunt positi, Cic. Fragm. ap. Quint. 9, 3, 50:

tabulas obsignatas in publico,

Cic. Fl. 9, 21:

sejuges in Capitolio aurati a P. Cornelio positi,

Liv. 38, 35, 4:

tyrannicidae imago in gymnasio ponatur,

Quint. 7, 7, 5; cf. id. 1, 7, 12:

collum in Pulvere,

Hor. C. 4, 6, 11; cf.:

artus in litore ponunt,

Verg. A. 1, 173; and with simple abl.:

saxo posuit latus,

Val. Fl. 4, 378:

in curulibus sellis sese posuerunt,

seated themselves, Flor. 1, 13.—With in and acc.: hodierno die primum longo intervallo in possessionem libertatis pedem ponimus, Cic. Phil. 3, 11, 28 B. and K. (Klotz, possessione):

Cyzici in Prytaneum vasa aurea mensae unius posuit,

Liv. 41, 20, 7 Weissenb. ad loc.:

stipes erat, quem... in flammam triplices posuere sorores,

Ov. M. 8, 452:

omnia pone feros in ignes,

id. R. Am. 719:

oleas in solem,

Cato, R. R. 7:

coronam in caput,

Gell. 3, 15, 3.—With sub and abl.:

pone sub curru nimium propinqui,

Hor. C. 1, 22, 21:

fundamenta,

Vulg. 1 Esd. 6, 3:

ubi pedem poneret non habebat,

might set his foot, Cic. Fin. 4, 25, 69:

genu or genua,

to bow the knee, to kneel, Ov. F. 2, 438; 5, 507; Curt. 8, 7, 13:

num genu posuit? num vocem supplicem misit?

id. 4, 6, 28:

oculos,

to cast one's eyes on, Vulg. Jer. 24, 6:

faciem,

to turn one's face, id. ib. 42, 15.—
B.
In partic.
1.
In milit. lang., to place, post, set, station a body of troops:

ibi praesidium ponit,

Caes. B. G. 2, 5:

praesidium ibi,

id. B. C. 1, 47 fin.:

legionem tuendae orae maritimae causā,

id. ib. 3, 34:

insidias contra aliquem,

Cic. Agr. 2, 18, 49.—
2.
To set up, erect, build (mostly poet. ):

opus,

Ov. M. 8, 160:

templa,

Verg. A. 6, 19:

aras,

id. ib. 3, 404:

tropaeum,

Nep. Dat. 8, 3; so,

in inscrr., of erecting monuments of any kind: POSVIT, PONENDVM CVRAVIT (usu. abbreviated P. C.), etc.: columna rostrata quae est Duilio in foro posita,

in honor of Duilius, Quint. 1, 7, 12.—
3.
Hence, poet., to form, fashion works of art:

Alcimedon duo pocula fecit... Orpheaque in medio posuit,

Verg. E. 3, 46:

hic saxo liquidis ille coloribus Sollers nunc hominem ponere, nunc deum,

Hor. C. 4, 8, 8.—
4.
To set, set out, plant trees, etc. ( poet. and in postAug. prose;

syn.: planto, sero): pone ordine vites,

Verg. E. 1, 74:

vitem,

Col. 4, 1; cf.:

ille et nefasto te (arbor) posuit die,

planted thee, Hor. C. 2, 13, 1.—
5.
To lay, stake, wager, as a forfeit; to lay down, propose, as a prize: pono pallium;

Ille suum anulum opposuit,

Plaut. Curc. 2, 3, 76:

pocula fagina,

Verg. E. 3, 36:

invitat pretiis animos et praemia ponit,

id. A. 5, 292:

praemia,

id. ib. 5, 486:

praemium,

Liv. 41, 23, 10.—
6.
In business lang., to put out at interest, to loan, to invest (less freq. than collocare): pecuniam in praedio ponere, Cic. Tull. § 15 Orell.; cf.:

pecuniam apud aliquem,

id. Verr. 2, 3, 70, § 165:

dives positis in fenore nummis,

Hor. A. P. 421:

pecuniam Quaerit Kalendis ponere,

id. Epod. 2, 70.—
7.
To place, set, appoint a person as a watch or guard, accuser, etc. (less freq. than apponere):

Dumnorigi custodes ponit, ut, quae agat, scire possit,

Caes. B. G. 1, 20 fin.:

custos frumento publico est positus,

Cic. Fl. 19, 45: alicui accusatorem, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 12, 3:

puer super hoc positus officium,

Petr. 56, 8.—
8.
To serve up, set before one at table (rare for the class. apponere), Cato, R. R. 79; so id. ib. 81:

posito pavone,

Hor. S. 2, 2, 23; 2, 4, 14; 2, 6, 64; 2, 8, 91; id. A. P. 422:

positi Bacchi cornua,

Ov. A. A. 1, 231:

vinum,

Petr. 34, 7:

calidum scis ponere sumen,

Pers. 1, 53:

porcum,

Mart. 8, 22, 1:

da Trebio, pone ad Trebium,

Juv. 5, 135.—
9.
To lay aside, take off, put down, lay down, etc. (as clothing, arms, books, the hair or beard, etc., = deponere):

cum pila ludere vellet tunicamque poneret,

Cic. Tusc. 5, 20, 60; cf.:

veste positā,

id. ib. 1, 47, 113:

velamina,

Ov. A. A. 2, 613; cf.:

velamina de corpore,

id. M. 4, 345:

arma,

Caes. B. G. 4, 37:

sarcinam,

Petr. 117, 11:

barbam,

Suet. Calig. 5; cf.:

bicolor positis membrana capillis,

Pers. 3, 10:

libros de manibus,

Cic. Q. Fr. 1, 1, 8, § 23; cf.:

cum posui librum, et mecum ipse coepi cogitare,

id. Tusc. 1, 11, 24.—
10.
To lay out for the grave:

toroque Mortua componar, positaeque det oscula frater,

Ov. M. 9, 503; Verg. A. 2, 644.—Also, to lay in the grave, to bury, inter ( poet. and in post-class. prose;

syn.: sepelio, condo): corpore posto,

Lucr. 3, 871:

te... patriā decedens ponere terrā,

Verg. A. 6, 508; Ov. F. 5, 480:

ubi corpus meum positum fuerit,

Dig. 34, 1, 18 fin.; Inscr. Orell. 4370:

IN HAC CVPA MATER ET FILIVS POSITI SVNT,

ib. 4550; 4495:

HIC POSITVS EST, Inscr. in Boeckh. C. I. Gr. 4156: CINERES,

Inscr. Orell. 4393; 4489.—
11.
Ponere calculum or calculos, transf., to weigh carefully, to ponder, consider:

si bene calculum ponas,

Petr. 115, 16:

examina tecum, omnesque, quos ego movi, in utrāque parte calculos pone,

Plin. Ep. 2, 19 fin.
12.
To arrange, deck, set in order (cf. compono):

qui suas ponunt in statione comas,

Ov. A. A. 3, 434:

quid totiens positas fingis, inepta, comas?

id. ib. 1, 306; cf. id. H. 4, 77; id. M. 1, 477.—
13.
To subdue, calm, allay, quiet:

quo non arbiter Hadriae Major, tollere seu ponere vult freta,

Hor. C. 1, 3, 16:

magnos cum ponunt aequora motus,

Prop. 4 (5), 14, 31.—Hence, neutr., of the winds, to fall, abate ( poet. and late Lat.):

cum venti posuere omnisque repente resedit Flatus,

Verg. A. 7, 27:

tum Zephyri posuere,

id. ib. 10, 103:

simul ac ventus posuit,

Gell. 2, 30, 2.
II.
Trop.
A.
In gen., to set, place, put, lay a thing anywhere: noenum ponebat rumores ante salutem, Enn. ap. Macr. S. 6, 1 (Ann. v. 314 Vahl.):

pone ante oculos laetitiam senatūs,

Cic. Phil. 2, 45, 115:

at te apud eum, di boni! quantā in gratiā posui,

id. Att. 6, 6, 4; cf. id. ib. 5, 11, 6; 6, 1, 22: ponite me ei (Appio) in gratiā, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 6, 5:

apud Lentulum ponam te in gratiā,

Cic. Att. 5, 3, 3 B. and K. (Orell. gratiam):

se quoque in gratiā reconciliatae pacis ponere,

Liv. 44, 14, 7:

in laude positus,

Cic. Sest. 66, 139:

aliquem in metu non ponere,

i. e. not to fear, id. Top. 13, 55:

virtutum fundamenta in voluptate tamquam in aquā ponere,

id. Fin. 2, 22, 72; cf. id. Pis. 4, 9:

aliquid in conspectu animi,

id. de Or. 3, 40, 161; cf.:

sub uno aspectu ponere,

Q. Cic. Petit. Cons. 1, 1: ponendus est ille ambitus, non abiciendus, to lay down gently, i. e. close gracefully, Cic. Or. 59, 199:

super cor,

to lay to heart, Vulg. Mal. 2, 2.—With in and acc.:

te in crimen populo ponat atque infamiam,

Plaut. Trin. 3, 3, 11.—Elliptically: et quidem cum in mentem venit, ponor ad scribendum, when it occurs to Cœsar, he sets me (i. e. my name ) to the Senate's decrees, Cic. Fam. 9, 15, 4.—
B.
In partic.
1.
Ponere aliquid in aliquā re, to put or place a thing in something, to cause a thing to rest or depend upon:

credibile non est, quantum ego in consiliis et prudentiā tuā, quantum in amore et fide ponam,

Cic. Att. 2, 23, 3:

spem in aliquo,

id. ib. 6, 1, 11:

salutis auxilium in celeritate,

Caes. B. G. 5, 48; cf.:

spem salutis in virtute,

id. ib. 5, 34, 2:

ut in dubio poneret, utrum, etc.,

regarded as doubtful, doubted, Liv. 34, 5, 3: sed haec haud in magno equidem ponam discrimine, I shall attach no great importance to it, id. prooem. § 8.—In pass.: positum esse in aliquā re, to be based or founded upon, to rest upon, depend upon:

ut salutem praesentium, spem reliquorum in vestris sententiis positam esse et defixam putetis,

Cic. Fl. 1, 3; id. Agr. 2, 9, 22:

omnia posita putamus in Planci tui liberalitate,

id. Att. 16, 16, F, 2; id. Or. 8, 27:

in te positum est, ut, etc.,

id. Att. 16, 16, B, § 8. —
2.
To lay out, spend, employ a thing, esp. time, in any thing:

tempus in cogitatione ponere,

Cic. de Or. 3, 5, 17:

si in hac curā vita mihi ponenda sit,

id. Fam. 9, 24, 4:

diem totum in considerandā causā,

id. Brut. 22, 87; cf. id. Fam. 5, 21, 1; id. Att. 6, 2, 6:

sumptum,

id. Q. Fr. 3, 1, 2; id. Fam. 13, 54 fin.; cf.:

totum animum atque omnem curam, operam diligentiamque suam in petitione,

id. Mur. 22, 45:

id multo tum faciemus liberius totosque nos in contemplandis rebus perspiciendisque ponemus,

id. Tusc. 1, 19, 44:

apud gratissimum hominem beneficium ponere,

id. Fam. 13, 55 fin.:

itinera enim ita facit, ut multos dies in oppidum ponat,

id. Att. 11, 22, 2.—
3.
To put, place, count, reckon, consider a thing in or among certain things:

mortem in malis,

Cic. Fin. 3, 8, 29:

in beneficii loco,

id. Fam. 15, 4, 12; id. Cat. 2, 9, 20:

si quis motus populi factus esset, id C. Norbano in fraude capitali esse ponendum,

id. de Or. 2, 48, 199:

in laude,

to regard as praiseworthy, id. Top. 18, 71:

in vitiis poni,

to be regarded as a fault, Nep. Epam. 1, 2.—
4.
To appoint, ordain, make something:

leges,

Cic. Verr. 2, 5, 11, § 28:

festos laetosque ritus,

Tac. H. 5, 5 fin.:

ut male posuimus initia, sic cetera sequentur,

Cic. Att. 10, 18, 2:

ne tu in spem ponas me bonae frugi fore,

to hope for, reckon upon, Plaut. Capt. 5, 2, 4 Fleck.: nomen, to apply or give a name (= imponere):

sunt enim rebus novis nova ponenda nomina,

Cic. N. D. 1, 17, 44; id. Tusc. 3, 5, 10; Verg. A. 7, 63:

qui tibi nomen Insano posuere,

Hor. S. 2, 3, 48: rationem, to furnish an account, to [p. 1397] reckon, Suet. Oth. 7; cf. Col. 1, 3:

pecuniae,

Dig. 46, 3, 89.—
5.
To make or render vows or votive offerings to the gods:

Veneri ponere vota,

Prop. 3, 12, 18:

nunc ego victrices lauro redimire tabellas, Nec Veneris mediā ponere in aede morer,

Ov. Am. 1, 11, 25:

hic ponite lucida Funalia et vectes,

Hor. C. 3, 26, 6:

libatum agricolae ponitur ante deo,

Tib. 1, 1, 14; Ov. M. 3, 506:

ex praedā tripodem aureum Delphi posuit,

Nep. Paus. 2, 3.—
6.
In speaking or writing, to lay down as true, to state, assume, assert, maintain, allege, take for granted, etc.:

quamobrem, ut paulo ante posui, si, etc.,

Cic. Fam. 1, 9, 21; id. Fin. 2, 31, 100:

recte Magnus ille noster, me audiente, posuit in judicio, rem publicam, etc.,

id. Leg. 2, 3, 6: verum pono, esse victum eum;

at, etc.,

Ter. Phorm. 4, 3, 25:

positum sit igitur in primis, etc.,

Cic. Or. 4, 14:

hoc posito atque concesso, esse quandam vim divinam, etc.,

id. Div. 1, 52, 118; cf.:

quo posito, et omnium sensu adprobato,

id. Fin. 3, 8, 29; id. Leg. 2, 19, 48:

pono satis in eo fuisse orationis atque ingenii,

id. Brut. 45, 165:

aliquid pro certo ponere,

Liv. 10, 9 fin.:

nunc rem ipsam ponamus quam illi non negant... Est haec res posita, quae ab adversario non negatur,

Cic. Caecin. 11, 32.—
7.
Esp.: exemplum ponere, to cite an instance:

eorum quae constant exempla ponemus,

Cic. Inv. 1, 38, 68:

perspicuo et grandi vitio praeditum posuimus exemplum,

id. ib. 1, 47, 88:

ab adjunctis antea posui exemplum,

id. Top. 11, 50:

horum exempla posui ex jure civili,

id. ib. 14, 58:

horum generum ex Cicerone exempla ponamus,

Quint. 5, 11, 11; 6, 3, 108 al.—
8.
To set before the mind, represent, describe:

nec ponere lucum Artifices, nec, etc.,

Pers. 1, 70:

pone Tigellinum,

Juv. 1, 155.—
9.
To propose, offer, fix upon a theme for discussion (= proponere):

mihi nunc vos quaestiunculam, de quā meo arbitratu loquar, ponitis?

Cic. de Or. 1, 22, 102; 2, 1, 2:

ponere aliquid, ad quod audiam, si tibi non est molestum, volo,

id. Fat. 2, 4; cf.:

ponere jubebam, de quo quis audire vellet,

id. Tusc. 1, 4, 7:

ponere praemium,

Liv. 39, 17, 1; and impers. pass.:

doctorum est ista consuetudo eaque Graecorum, ut iis ponatur, de quo disputent quamvis subito,

id. Lael. 5, 17; so,

cum ita positum esset, videri, etc.,

id. Tusc. 3, 22, 54.—
10.
To put away, leave off, dismiss, forego, lay down, surrender (= deponere):

vitam propera ponere,

Plaut. Curc. 4, 3, 4:

vitia,

Cic. de Or. 3, 12, 46:

dolorem,

id. Tusc. 3, 28, 66: inimicitias, Cael. ap. Cic. Fam. 8, 6:

curas,

Liv. 1, 19:

metum,

Plin. Ep. 5, 6:

iram,

Hor. A. P. 160:

moras,

id. C. 4, 12, 25; Ov. F. 2, 816:

animos feroces,

Liv. 8, 1:

corda ferocia,

Verg. A. 1, 302:

vires (flammae),

id. ib. 5, 681:

ipsum rudimentum adulescentiae bello lacessentem Romanos posuisse,

had obtained his first experience, Liv. 31, 11 fin.; Suet. Ner. 22; also,

tirocinium,

Just. 12, 4, 6:

animam,

to lay down life, Vulg. Johan. 10, 15; 17.—Esp., milit. t. t.: arma ponere (= deponere), to lay down arms, yield, surrender:

Nepesinis inde edictum ut arma ponant,

Liv. 6, 10, 5:

dedi imperatorem, arma poni jubet,

id. 4, 10, 3; cf.:

positis armis,

id. 35, 36, 4; id. Epit. 88.—
11.
To make, cause to be (eccl. Lat.):

cornu tuum ponam ferreum,

Vulg. Mich. 4, 13:

posuit me desolatam,

id. Thren. 3, 11; with quasi:

ponam Samariam quasi acervum,

id. Mich. 1, 6; with in and acc.:

posuerunt eam in ruinam,

id. Isa. 23, 13.—
12.
To assume, suppose, put a case (of mere suppositions; only late Lat.; cf. 6 supra): pone tamen ab evangelistis scriptum, Ambros. de Fide, 5, 16, 194; Ps.-Quint. Decl. 273.—Hence, pŏsĭtus, a, um, P. a., of localities, placed, situated; situate, standing, lying anywhere:

Roma in montibus posita,

Cic. Agr. 2, 35, 96:

Delos in Aegaeo mari posita,

id. Imp. Pomp. 18, 55:

portus ex adverso urbi positus,

Liv. 45, 5:

tumulus opportune ad id positus,

id. 28, 13:

urbs alieno solo posita,

id. 4, 17.— Poet.:

somno positus = sopitus,

lulled to sleep, Verg. A. 4, 527.

Lewis & Short Latin Dictionary, 1879. - Revised, Enlarged, and in Great Part Rewritten. . 2011.

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